Hexabromocyclododecane flame retardant in Antarctica

Chen, D., Hale, R. C., La Guardia, M. J., Luellen, D., Kim, S., & Geisz, H. N. (2015). Hexabromocyclododecane flame retardant in Antarctica: Research stations as sources, 206, 611-618. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.08.024
TitleHexabromocyclododecane flame retardant in Antarctica
AuthorsD. Chen, C. Hale, J. La Guardia, D. Luellen, S. Kim, N. Geisz
AbstractHistorical persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are banned from Antarctica under international treaty; but contemporary-use POPs can enter as additives within polymer and textile products. Over their useful lives these products may release additives in-situ. Indeed, we observed 226 and 109 ng/g dry weight (dw) of the total concentrations of α-, β- and γ-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in indoor dust from McMurdo Station (U.S.) and Scott Station (New Zealand), respectively. Sewage sludge collected from wastewater treatment facilities at these stations exhibited ΣHBCD of 45 and 69 ng/g dw, respectively. Contaminants originally within the bases may exit to the local outdoor environment via wastewaters. Near McMurdo, maximum ΣHBCD levels in surficial marine sediments and aquatic biota (invertebrates and fish) were 2350 ng/g (total organic carbon basis) and 554 ng/g lipid weight, respectively. Levels declined with distance from McMurdo. Our results illustrate that Antarctic research stations serve as local HBCD sources to the pristine Antarctic environment. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Start page611
End page618
SubjectsAntarctica, Flame retardant, Hexabromocyclododecane, Research station
NoteExport Date: 28 September 2015